A financial reporting standard designed to increase global comparability of one of the most important items in financial statements is nearing completion after an important vote Wednesday.
The US Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) directed the board’s staff to draft a final revenue recognition standard to be submitted to the board in December for final approval. FASB members indicated by a 5–1 margin that they will vote in favour of the standard.
The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) is scheduled to vote later this month on whether to proceed with a ballot for the standard, which is expected to be issued during the first quarter of 2014.
The revenue project has been followed closely by companies throughout the world.
“This is a major accomplishment that will greatly change how people think about perhaps the most important item in financial statements,” FASB member Tom Linsmeier said during the board meeting.
Objectives for the project include:
- Creating a comprehensive framework for revenue recognition, which currently is governed in US GAAP by more than 200 different pieces of guidance.
- Simplifying financial statements and disclosures.
- Comparability across the world and across industries.
FASB’s staff reported that the proposed standard would significantly change US GAAP or increase the level of judgement for application in some areas, increasing costs for a broad population of entities.
The staff said stakeholders in particular have identified specific, anticipated cost increases in accounting for construction- and production-type contracts, adjusting transaction prices for the time value of money, accounting for bundled telecommunications contracts, the constraint on revenue, the implementation guidance for licences of intellectual property and transition requirements.
Board members expressed regret that implementation costs will be high in some cases and that companies in some industries will bear a disproportionate amount of costs. But board members said the benefits outweigh the costs.
“The FASB will issue a standard that both improves and substantially converges guidance on how revenue is recognised in financial statements,” FASB Chairman Russell Golden said in a news release. “Today’s vote represents a major milestone in our 11-year effort to create greater comparability in an area of financial reporting that affects all industries.”
Hal Schroeder was the lone FASB member who indicated he would not support the proposal. He said the core principle of the project was to have the core performance of an entity aligned with revenue recognition. He said late votes on constraint and collectibility led to his dissent and that the constraint in the proposed standard disconnected performance from revenue recognition.
Board members also said that while the proposed standard would improve global comparability among companies in the same industry, comparability across industries will remain elusive.
The final standard submitted to the boards for ballot will include a five-step process for revenue recognition:
- Step 1: Identify the contract with a customer.
- Step 2: Identify the separate performance obligations in the contract.
- Step 3: Determine the transaction price.
- Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the separate performance obligations in the contract.
- Step 5: Recognise revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.
Although the standard has taken longer to develop than expected, Golden said the proposed effective date still should give companies enough time to prepare for the change. The standard would take effect for reporting periods beginning after December 15th 2016 (FASB), or reporting periods beginning on or after January 1st 2017 (IASB).
—Ken Tysiac (email@example.com) is a CGMA Magazine senior editor.